Новость из категории: Ümümi məlumat: Almaniya

Almaniya əhalisi



Əhali

2010-cu il məlumatlaarına görə Almaniyada 81.8 milyon əhali məskunlaşıb. Əhalisinin sayına görə Almaniya Avropada 2-ci, dünyada isə 15-ci yeri tutur. Əhalisinin sıxlığı hər kvadrat kilometr üçün 230 nəfərdir ki, bu yüksək göstərici hesab olunur. Orta həyat davamlılığı 80 ildir, bu göstəriciyə görə Almaniya dünyada qabaqcıl yerlərdən birini tutur. Lakin buna baxmayaraq ölkədə ölüm səviyyəsi doğumdan daha yüksəkdir ki, bu da Almaniya əhalisinin azalmasına səbəb olmaqdadır. Ölkədə 15 yaşından yuxarı insanların 99 faizi yazıb oxumağı bacarır. Lakin yeni böyüyən nəsildə savadlılıq səviyyəsinin xeyli aşağı olması Almaniya rəhbərliyini narahat edən problemlərdəndir. Bundan başqa Almaniya miqrantların sayına görə də dünyada öncül yerlərdən birini tutur. Hal-hazırda Almaniyada 10 milyon nəfər Almaniyadan kənarda doğulmuş şəxs yaşayır. Bunların böyük hissəsi keçmir SSRİdə yaşayan etnik almanlar, həmçinin Almaniyaya işləməyə gələn türklər və polyaklardır. Hesablamalara görə Almaniyada doğulan və yaşı 5-dən az olan uşaqların 30 faizinin bir və ya hər iki valideyni qeyri-almandır. Əhalinin 91,5%-ni almanlar, 2,4%-ni türklər, 0,7%-ni italyanlar, 0,4%-ni yunanlar, 0,4%-ni polyaklar təşkil edir. Bundan başqa Almaniyadan kənarda çoxlu sayda etnik alman yaşayır.


Almaniya çox yüksək səviyyədə urbanizasiyalaşmış ölkə sayılır. Ölkə əhalisinin təxminən 90 faizə yaxını şəhərlərdə yaşayır. Almaniyada əhalisi 1 milyon nəfərdən çox olan dörd şəhər yerləşir. Bunlar Berlin, Hamburq, Münhen və Köln şəhərləridir.


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